Ghunghroos are the “tinklebells” or “jingle bells” which are used to adorn the feet of dancer.  When tied to the feet, they are played by the act of dancing.  They may also be played by hand.  This instrument evolved from the payal which are traditional anklets worn by women in India.

     There are two common forms of the ghunghroos.  The traditional form is merely a number of bells woven together on a string.  However today it is common to find them stitched to a padded cushion.  This may then be strapped to the feet of a dancer.

Ghoonghroos Traditional (Left) Padded (Right)

Traditional (Left) Padded (Right)

        Ghungru is a small metal bell usually made of brass. There are numerous small metal bells that are strung together to form Ghungroos. There are tiny iron balls inside the bells that makes the metallic sound. The sound of the Ghungru is matched with the rhythm produced by other Musical Instruments like tabla during a dance performance. But the sound produced by the metallic bells depends on the size of the bells. The Ghungru is used to maintain the rhythm and the tempo of the dance steps. This Musical Instrument of India is also used in the folk dances performed in the villages of Himachal Pradesh, India. But mainly this Musical Instrument is used during the classical dance performances.

       The string of Ghungroos are worn just above the ankle by the dancers. The number of Ghungru can vary from fifty to more than two hundred. The number of the Ghungru depends on the expertise of the performers. Generally a dancer in the initial days of her career uses only fifty Ghungroos and gradually keeps enhancing the number. The audience are able to grasp the difficult yet beautiful footwork used by the dancers during a performance. The Ghunghroos are worn in traditional performances of the classical Indian dance forms: Bharatnatyam, Kathak, Kuchipudi, and Odissi etc.  The common professional ghunghroos which dancers use in Kathak should be at least 100 bells each feet (WOW).

ghungroo 3ghungroo

Here’s the videos “How To Tie Ghunghroos” made by my Kathak Dance teacher Archarya Pratistha

And… this is how to learn Basic Footwork of Kathak: Tatkar

Believe me,, it’s not easy you must fully concentrate to do this (esp when the speed increased) LOL

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